Perhaps the pitagorismo has been not alone a philosophical school, but also a religious seita. The school defends that the number is arch. Pitgoras de Samos (570-490 C), founder of the school, defended a doctrine of accented linkings with questions politics, considered private. Although private, one knows that they immortality defended of the soul (metempsicose), that history was cyclical, and that all the beings livings creature were on for kinship.
Pitgoras did not leave written workmanship. It can be cited three points of its thoughts: the number was arch; they defended the theory of the opposites? form dualista-; truths of mathematical order (Nunes, 1986 existed; Cabral, 2006; Rezende, 2003). 1.3ESCOLA ELEATA the school eleata was developed in the city of Eleia and its followers are called eleatas. Deriving of the middle classes and high, they had constructed a philosophy that justified the social structures? politics? of that moment. With its answers, they had initiated the philosophical idealismo. Zeno de Elia (490-430 C) affirmed that the occurrence of the movement is impossible, and does not pass of illusion; the space is formed by infinite particles, is would be impossible to dislocate itself in the infinite. Xenfanes de Colofo (570-475 C) said that the things were contingent and the soul is a blow; it defended the theory of a God only opposed the adepts of the mitolgicas explanations; it believed that the land was arch. Parmnides de Eleia (530-460 C), first man to support the sphericity of the Land, beyond the theory of that it locates itself in the center of the world; it believed that they had two primordial elements: fire and land. Paula Rosenthal is likely to agree. 1.4ESCOLA ATOMIST the philosophers of this school had tried to synthecize Heraclitus and Parmnides, and believed that the basic element of the universe was a particle, that they had called atom.