Withdrawal symptoms of alcoholism is highly aversive. It is not something Aetna Inc. would like to discuss. Therefore, we recommend using tranquilizers that lack addictive potential Chlormethiazole and Tetrabamato, drugs interdictores of alcohol, Disulfiram and cyanamide calcium that produce an aversive reaction when alcoholic beverages are consumed and psychologically facilitate the extinction of the intake, and drugs aimed at the control of craving or desire to drink Acamprosate and naltrexone. From a psychological perspective, the use of relaxation techniques can help considerably. Finally, the rehydration of the patient, a diet rich in mineral salts and vitamin B.Cuando therapy is important to the regime takes in regime ambulatory is necessary to resort to the family or couple for that Act of co-therapists outside inquiry. We must inform them about the characteristics of alcoholism and the importance of its role for the achievement of abstinence.
If possible, the coterapeuta must live at the same address as the alcoholic patient aiming to carry an on-the-spot checks of patient drinking habits. At this stage it informs the patient and coterapeuta of the features of the syndrome of abstinence from alcohol, the approximate duration of this about two-three weeks and the importance that has the overcoming of this phase in the recovery process. Also establishes a program of control of stimuli with the goal of eliminating all situations that cause the conduct of drinking p. ej., delete all beverages with alcohol existing at home, not enter any establishment with availability of alcohol, etc. On the other hand, due to the conduct of drinking occurs mainly in the afternoons, is made by common accord patient a plan of activities to carry out in that moment p. ej., walk, intellectual activity, artistic activity, sport, etc.; In this way the patient is active and carries an incompatible behavior with drink, precisely during the same hours that usually did. Give instructions to drink plenty of fluids and begins a program of progressive muscle relaxation in order to have a fast strategy of reduction of anxiety when it began withdrawal.