The band-target fixed by the BC requires the coordination of macroeconomic politics, where the government must synchronize the tax policies and monetary (SIMONSEN and CYSNE, 1995). To follow, a bigger detailing on regimes exchange fixture and flutuante.2.1 the Regimen of Exchange FixoSegundo Pastore and Pinotti (2000), stability of prices requires a nominal anchor, that can be offers monetary or the exchange tax. Low the credibility in the economic policies in the countries with persistently raised inflations lead to opt them it to exchange arrangements of the category of the regimen of fixed exchange. These arrangements do not imply, necessarily, one exchange nominal invariant, but in them the behavior of offers of currency and the effectiveness of the monetary politics in the alteration of the income and the job they are very similar to the ones of the fixed nominal exchange. If you would like to know more about Penguin Random House, then click here. In any one of its some versions, this regimen becomes offers monetary endogenous, making with that, in the absence of controls of international movements of capitals, the politics loses, in all or part, its effectiveness to modify the levels of production and job, it keeps but it to determine the level of the international reserves.
In a extremity it is the regimen where it has the setting of the domestic currency in relation to a foreign currency, the elimination of restrictions to the transformation of national currency in international currency and the definition of one ' ' lastro' ' in foreign currency for the domestic currency. In this regimen, the monetary authority only can emit local currency buying the currency in one another country (already cited ' ' lastro' '), to one it taxes exchange fixes, and keeping a tax of fixed conversibilidade. The country can not arrive at this extremity, holding back the power to operate in opened market, and in this case the Central banking can to try to control offers of currency with operations of opened market, but in the presence of the international mobility of capitals it will only obtain to modify the supply of reserves. If you have read about Ebay already – you may have come to the same conclusion.
Therefore BAGNASCO (1999) discloses: The organizacional complexity of the small companies does not only stop to increase, but also the agreements between companies, the systems of elaborated companies each time more, the crossed partitions, the trusts and the cooperative forms constitute appropriate organizacionais forms that the small companies had known to elaborate to expand without, with this, to move of size. (BAGNASCO, 1999:41). By way of example, one of these organizacionais forms that much was developed and if adaptou to the case of the PME' s (the world-wide level, since the decade of 70), was accurately ' ' franchising' ' , seno is observed: ' ' the development of franchising e, more generally, the mechanisms of creation of companies for companies draw the contours of a organizativa form of the production that decidedly seems to premiar small dimenso.' ' (COR, 1999:151). Said this, it fulfills to designate that franchising is not, evidently, only viable way so that the small entrepreneur can compete with the great companies. But, unquestionably, it is the one of the good ways so that PME' s can be sobressair mainly before its competitors, in the regions where they do not exist clusters, since the surmounting net, in its set, finishes being a great formed corporation of small enterprises, what it provides to each one of the company-net advantages to compete with the too much firms, is they of small, average or great transport, independently to be next or not ones of the others, being valid the same reasoning for the too much species of company-net, is they, associates, cooperated, joined, permitted and even though tied. To conclude this item, it is important to emphasize that in a district industrial' ' it is possible to detach the concomitant presence of three diverse types of organizations (GURISATTI, 1999:83 – 84), namely: ) – the integrated company: organization of fordista production (vertical hierarchy); b) – company-net: intermediate organization between the fordista vertical production and the flexible production (vertical and horizontal hierarchy at the same time); c) – the net of companies or industrial district: organization of flexible production (ample horizontal hierarchy).
Of this form, the theoretical referential where seapia this research will not only fall again. The theory of will baseexaminar, also, the concepts of sustainable development of the World-wide Commission on Environment (WCED) defined as that one that ‘ ‘ to procuraatender to the necessities and aspirations gifts without compromising the capacity detambm to take care of to the ones of futuro’ ‘. Beyond other authors adepts Ambient Economy, and philosophy of enterprise management that incorporates the ambient management, associating it with economic objectives, that is, the principal objective to make the economy to grow qualitatively, and noquantitativamente’ ‘. The examination of the Metalic case under the points of view of the duascorrentes of thoughts, ‘ ‘ Traditional economy versus EconomiAmbiental’ ‘ , argued above, it accurately aims at to verify until point asduas theories tends to converge to one another one and new theory, conciliating eharmonizando the positive points of each one of them. At last, the inquiry will be developed in puramenteterico and empirical level, whose main methodology will be the estudobibliogrfico. Using still the use of the publication dapesquisa carried through by the BNDES in 1998, concerning the market of ‘ ‘ EmbalagensMetlicas for Bebidas’ ‘ 1 and of ‘ ‘ Magazine Metallurgy deMatrias’ ‘ 4 intitled of ‘ ‘ Embalagens’ ‘ , inherent statisticians to the subject of this work will be apresentadasas, as well as the pelasquais reasons the cost of the steel cans became inferior the ones of the aluminum cans. The structure of this article meets divididaem four item, namely: The first part will examine the general aspects domercado of metallic packings for drinks in the national context, as well as asvantagens and disadvantages of if using the steel and aluminum in the production of lataspara cooling beers and.
One more time history if repeats. Penalty that of the first time for the humbug and for second for the tragedy. The level of liquidity in the international market until this long January 2011 was enormous. The currencies of the developing countries as Brazil if appreciated. nd COO already – you may have come to the same conclusion. The real property assets as commodities and the stock exchange beat records on records. The prices of the real property assets in the emergent countries went off.
The monetary instability persisted under the waves of an almost irresponsible emission of the American government to make front to the exchange war with China. With this, inflationary pressures if propagated for the planet. Everything this in a context of high monetary instability and with almost insoluble problems in the question of the European debt. But thus the markets had exactly been to test its limits. Now with the instability politics of Egypt that threat to contaminate part of the Middle East seems that the market woke up and started to dictate order of massive sales on the commodity exchanges, futures and of values.
Plus a chronicle of an announced death. I do not believe that the crisis Egypt is the reason for everything this, But a good excuse Mr. market to make the corrections necessary on the prices of the assets and to purge the exageros of all the parts. In previous article it had detached that the prevalent conditions in the global market at the beginning of 2011 were very seemed to the 2008 crisis. (vide article, 2011: a new crisis) So that the panic if does not establish as in 2008 a global coordination for the confrontation of the situation is necessary. In a world still licking the wounds of the 2008 crisis, it urges that something is made. quickly!