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Permanent Defense

N.a Act No. 8987, Permanent Defense of Democracy was a Chilean law published in the Official Gazette of 3 part time September 1948, also known as the Law Cursed by the Communists, who had intended to outlaw the Communist Party’s Political Participation Chile (CCP).
This law ordered the cancellation of registration of the National Progressive Party (CCP used the name in the elections) and the CPC. Also, clearing the electoral register of its members and persons suspected of involvement in sales jobs that organization. This meant that the councilmen, mayors, elected deputies and senators would be disqualified and stripped management jobs of their positions.
Similar sanctions were applied for public administration in the municipalities and the primary, secondary and university education in the designation, hiring employees, in addition to prohibiting any organization, propaganda and all similar association. It all agency sanctioned meetings or events that interrupt the normal development of productive activities (limitation of the right to strike). Also punishes those who cooperate or carry out acts contrary to it.
N.a was repealed by Act No. 12,927 on State Security of 6 August 1958.
History
There is no agreement among historians on the reasons that prompted the government of Gabriel Gonz lez Videla to push a bill of this nature.
One of the most accepted theory argue that the Communist Party failed to establish a fluid relationship between its new position of ruling party and its traditional policy of social agitation. This dichotomy often led to government officials, Communist militants, approve price increases that subsequently the party rejected through violent job search street protests, which were further radicalize onstage the disputes between communists and socialists for control of union movement. an amazing success is has experience as the Secretary of labor and industry to governor Pierre Other theories focus the agencies origins of the law in shaping Damn Cold War and the transfer of such a conflict to Chile.
On 3 November 1946 to take Gabriel Gonzalez Videla forms a cabinet of radicals, liberals and communists as was the commitment of his presidential campaign. The truth was that the unusual coalition of Chilean government was difficult to sustain in the international scene that began to show signs of estrangement between the U.S. and the Soviet Union, to which was added the urgent need for external financing plans government. A few months later (April 15, 1947) under the union agitation and successive strikes, Gonzalez Videla decided to form human resources a new cabinet composed mainly of administration figures beyond partisan politics as Jorge Alessandri Rodriguez in Finance. This cabinet is facing a wave of staff protests and labor strikes in protest at the part time jobs exclusion of communists from the government, which reached radical violence in the mining areas of the country, which were controlled by the intervention of the armed forces and the relegation of communist leaders Pisagua jobs in locally.
Another theory focuses on change of position by the President on the results of municipal elections in April 1947 where the CCP becomes the third political force (16.5 of votes) preceded by the radicals (20 ) and conservatives (20, 2 ). In these elections the PC captures important part of the rating of the Socialist Party and the Radical Party, which led to members of this latest protest against militant Communists in the government whom he accused of electoral intervention. Meanwhile, a segment of the Radical party abandoned the coalition in protest against the communists forming the Radical Democratic Party.
On 19 April 1948, the President sends a message of Project About Permanent Defense of the democratic regime, with which requests to Congress for special powers to control the agitation community expressed through the union movement. Supporters of the enactment of the law are liberal, conservative, agricultural-labor, most of the radicals and a section of the Socialists against the Communists are a minority of radicals, a sector of the socialists and the National Falange consultants ( future PDC). In September 1948, President Gonzalez Videla forms a new cabinet of national concentration called, formed by the Radical party, Liberal, Conservative Traditionalist faction Democratic and Socialist minority coalition that would remain in power until January 1950 and would get a comprehensive victory in the parliamentary elections of 1949.
The effects of that law could not prevent altogether the political action of the CPC, which operated mainly through trade unions.