Political the social figure of the arhuacos is Mamo, that guides the town with its knowledge. 3. Ember (It hit) – Location: Although in Choc it inhabits 50% of emberas of the country, in other based departments where they are east indigenous town receive another name like: Cholos in the Pacific Coast, Chames or memes in Risaralda, Catos in Antioch and Eperas in Nario and the Cauca. – Population: 71.412 in all the country. – Language: they waunaan.
– Culture: they practice the hunting and the fishing, generally the man embera only leaves to obtain food. These natives live in small constructed parcels to borders of the river. 4. Guambianos – Location: One is in his majority in the caucanos municipalities of Silvia, Jambal, Totor, Caldono and Toribio, although there are small establishments in the Huila. – Population: 20,782 natives. – Language: guambiana. – Culture: They create in the ritual of the marriage and have the freedom to choose to its sentimental pair.
Nevertheless, still some unions by convenience practice, so the origin of the pretending one studies very well. They are organized in town halls that watch and defend their territory. 5. Grass (Nario) – Location: in the department of Nario they inhabit the plateau of Tquerres and Ipiales. – Population: 55,379 natives. – Language: by the cultural interchange it lost his dialect. Now only they speak Spanish. – Culture: They practice the horticulture. Being its main rituals conserves guayusa and the chapil, drinks by means of which they are put in contact with the world and the nature. They are organized in governor, secretary, treasurer and bailiffs. The members of the town hall carry a cane that represents its power on the community.