The present work has as objective to analyze the importance of the memory and objective to develop and to deepen the inherent concepts to the same one, as well as its implications in the mental, cognitivos and percetivos processes in the process of access to the information. In this direction, a revision of the literature was carried through, that supplied basic contributos a logical theoretical referencial, and that it located reflections on the thematic ones of cognitiva psychology, concretely the sensorial memory, memory the short one and memory in the long run and its influence in the learning process. Word-key: Cognitiva psychology, Memory, Short Memory of and Long Stated period, Learning. Introduction In this work is intended to identify the different types of memory wants in terms of secular duration wants in terms of capacity of information storage, and still to identify and to hierarquizar the factors capable to influence the memory. The memory helps to us to define it who is, in the truth it is essential for the construction of the identity of the person. The set of experiences stored in the mind of the individual and the easiness with that if it accedes they, is vital so that let us can interpret what it is transferred to our return and let us can take decisions. It is still intended to analyze the influence of the memory in the process of learning and the interdependence of the learning and the memory, a time that the structure and to be learned material is to a large extent dependent of the restrained knowledge in the memory, that is of what the individual already knows and is capable to remember. The current knowledge not only influences the learning of new knowledge and information, but also the way as these knowledge and information are organized, of form to be recouped in the future..