As you can see, in these modern authors the problem of the nature of the self is still conditioned by the question, i.e., to reveal the nature of the self is necessary to ask what is the same Yes? then try to give an answer that satisfies the approach with which the problem was addressed. The drawback of the question that referred to itself is that it forces to treat this as a real entity, as a thing whose essence is expected to be unveiled. This also leads to the drawback if that essence presents some activity or not. Doesn’t matter if that essence is credited with an activity or not, in any case itself should be something, and that something can be abstracted from any sensory experience, except for the case of Hume who manages to visualize that it makes no sense thinking a himself free of all perception or mental content, such as pure activity, however was not beyond to locate the problem of the self in the perspective of the who. The self and the question of the who? In the context of contemporary philosophy, several authors have identified the problem of the self in a different perspective to the one used by modern philosophers. This perspective is based on the self is not a substance whose essence need to be unveiled by the philosophical intellection, nor part of which itself is a mere abstraction, a Phantasmagoria of the spirit that should, once and for all, be removed from the philosophical imaginary, but places itself in the perspective of the question by the who by attributing this relational qualities that do not allow considering it as abstracted from reality, but rather present incarnate and immersed in a context. Arendt: agent and narrative Hannah Arendt is one of leading figures of contemporary philosophy in placing the issue of itself within the question by the who.